You have fallen victim to a phishing campaign.
Fortunately, this was just a phishing training exercise. Your password has not been recorded as part of this training. If this were real, you just gave away your credentials to a potentially malicious person.
Please be sure to never divulge your credentials to any sites that you did not intentionally navigate to, and be cautious when opening emails and clicking links.
What did I miss?
How to Recognize Phishing Scams